Islam places great importance on the giving of Zakat, which is one of the five pillars of Islam and is also considered a form of worship. A Muslim calculates their Zakat annually and pays it to those deserving individuals or groups identified as Zakeen (plural).
The following is based on a short article concerning Zakah by Sheikh Yoosuf Al-Qaradaawee:
Zakah or charity tax is an obligation imposed upon Muslims to purify their remaining wealth. It is usually taken from the rich and given to those in need like orphans, widows, and others whose financial condition would find them unable to fulfil such duties as fasting during Ramadan, attending the weekly congregational prayer on Friday, attending the Hajj pilgrimage, or even meeting their daily needs.
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“Charity is prescribed for each descendant of Adam every day the sun rises. He should take a full measure of food by night and by the day, keeping within his means, neither being extravagant nor sparing.”
Fajr 88:14-16. Proportional Zakaa’h is an important form of worship that serves to purify one’s remaining wealth with the objectives of supporting various causes, including feeding the poor and less fortunate, offering assistance to those who are unable to work because they are sick or injured, caring for orphans especially those whose parents have passed away without leaving them proper financial care, providing relief to prisoners who cannot afford legal fees needed to gain their freedom, and other purposes Islamic scholars have deemed significant.
Muslims are encouraged to give Zakaa’h before the start of Ramadan. العاب 500 However, while some opinions hold that Zakaa’h should be given after Ramadan and at Hajj, this is not supported by evidence in the Quran or Sunnah (prophetic tradition). Moreover, giving Zakat during these times would imply that it is merely a means of gaining God’s favour to increase one’s wealth during such periods, which contradicts the ultimate aim of purifying one’s remaining wealth through donations.
To calculate one’s Zakat, each individual must determine what is considered “wealth” according to Sharia (Islamic law) which consists primarily of cash, savings, jewellery, and any other assets that can readily be converted into cash with little or no effort on the owner’s part. If one has two cars, for example, but cannot sell either of them without great difficulty, then they would not be included in calculating Zakat.
Muslim jurists have developed methods to determine how much must be given according to each person’s financial situation. This requires one to estimate what is considered “essential spending”, which includes food, shelter, utilities (electricity), transportation, medical expenses including insurance premiums but not treatment at government hospitals free of charge regardless of their ability to pay, clothing up to 2 sets per season per member in the family unit regardless of quality, debt payments (car loans, student loans) regardless of their source, and other necessities including a reasonable amount of food for families whose breadwinner(s) have passed away, are disabled, or imprisoned.
Zakah is paid at the end of Ramadan to those deserving individuals who have been identified as Zakakeen (singular). All Muslims over the age of puberty with excess funds in their possession during this month must pay at least 2.5% on the value of what they possess if it reaches or exceeds Nisab. They should be given enough time to calculate their Zakat until the end of Ramadan to do so without any penalty. If one fails to give it, then they must either feed or clothe ten needy people for each day that passes by until Zakat is paid.
According to Sharia, one doesn’t need to give Zakat during the month of Ramadan so long as they have given it before Ramadan begins. However, all Muslims are encouraged to do so due to the blessings. The Prophet Muhammad said: “Give charity without delay, for it stands in the way of calamity. الكوبه اون لاين ” They are also required to be mindful that this act benefits themselves and others who are less fortunate. Aisha reported that Allah’s Messenger said, “Whoever gives Zakat out of his wealth he repays himself by an increase in his wealth; whoever gives food (to breaking they’re fast) he will be rewarded by Allah. لعبة كرات